Bagaimana Memelihara Hamster

Akhirnya anak-anak kami mau coba memelihara hamster, bagaimana ya perawatan dan pemeliharaannya?

memelihara hamsterTanya:

Moms, setelah tarik ulur sama anak-anak, sepertinya kami mau coba memelihara hamster. Sayangnya kami tidak punya pengalaman sama sekali. Suamiku juga belum pernah pelihara hamster. Jadi sharing ya bagaimana memelihara hamster? Apa saja yang dimakannya. Terus tips-tips bagaiman kalau mau beli hamster? Terima kasih [Stl]

Jawab:

Yang  aku tahu, tidak boleh kena air. Tidak usah dikasih tempat minum apalagi dimandikan [MP]

Types of Hamsters
Syrian hamsters are the most common type kept as pets. These should be kept one to a cage (they will fight if kept together). Dwarf hamsters (Campbell’s and winter white Russian hamsters, Roborovski hamsters) are more social and are probably better kept with others of the same species, but they should be introduced at a young age. Chinese hamsters are similar in size to the dwarf hamsters but is not a true dwarf hamster. Sometimes they get along with other Chinese hamsters, but often they do not. Different species of hamsters should never be kept together. The care of all pet hamsters is quite similar, except for whether they should be kept as solitary pets or as pairs/groups.

Picking a Healthy Hamster
When choosing a hamster, pay attention to its demeanor and condition. Avoid hamsters that are quiet or lethargic; hamsters should should be alert, curious, and active. Being nocturnal, this can be a bit hard to test during the day, but even during the day a hamster should respond (be careful, the first instinct of a hamster might be to nip if woken from a deep sleep). Picking your hamster out in the evening might be a good idea. The coat should be smooth and the eyes and nose free of discharge (wet or crusty). The hamster’s breathing should not be labored or noisy, and the coat should be clean, dry, and free of droppings. If you observe a hamster in the cage with diarrhea or respiratory problems, be very cautious since all the hamsters in that cage may have been exposed to an infectious disease.

Housing
There are three main types of commercial hamster housing available: wire cages, plastic cages, and aquariums. A wire cage with horizontal bars 1/2 to 3/4 inches apart works well for Syrian hamsters, as hamsters like to climb and will use the walls for climbing. Avoid the kind with a grate in the bottom as these are just more difficult to clean and uncomfortable for the hamsters. Aquariums are also  acceptable, especially for dwarf and Chinese hamsters. They are fairy easy to clean, but have less air circulation and ventilation, and do not offer the opportunity to climb on the walls. A secure cover must be used to prevent hamster escapes and other pets from accessing the hamsters. Modular plastic hamster habitats (the type with multiple tunnels and chambers) are nice for providing exercise and entertainment, but can be challenge to ventilate adequately and clean well. In addition, many golden hamsters get too large for the tunnels, although dwarf hamsters have no difficulties. Also keep in mind that hamsters can chew through plastic so if there are any edges or ridges they can start chewing, they could easily escape.

Bedding
Most owners use wood shavings to line the cage, but avoid cedar havings – aspen or other hardwood shaving are the preferred choice as even pine shavings may emit irritating aromatic oils. Other bedding options are available (see “Top Ten Alternatives to Cedar and Pine.” The bedding should be changed weekly, but most hamsters use an area of the cage for a toilet and this area can be cleaned more frequently to help keep the cage clean. Hamsters like to burrow, so provide a good depth of shavings for them to dig in. The placement of the cage in the home should also be carefully considered. Since hamsters are nocturnal, their setting should be fairly quiet during the day. However, they shouldn’t be so far out of the way that they do not have opportunities for social interaction in the evening when they are active. The cage should be away from direct sunlight or heat sources, and also free from drafts, and should be raised of the floor on a shelf or table.

Furnishings
A nesting box should be provided, which can be store bought or as simple as a cardboard box (which will have to be replaced regularly). Provide soft such as strips of facial tissue or soft paper towels The nest material should be cleaned out only every month or two as needed (more frequent changes may be too disruptive to the hamster). However, regular checks and removal of any stored food materials is recommended. Hamsters need the opportunity to chew, burrow, and get exercise. Almost all hamsters will use a hamster wheel enthusiastically (a solid surface is easier on their feet). Also provide some tunnels or tubes (paper towel or toilet paper), fresh branches (willow, or fruit wood; pesticide free), small cardboard boxes, and blocks of wood etc. for climbing and gnawing. For water, a water bottle with a dispenser is preferred as it can’t tip and keeps the water clean. A shallow food bowl of ceramic or porcelain is the best choice as they are difficult to tip and easy to clean.

Taming and Handling Your Pet Hamster
Hamsters have a bit of a reputation for biting, but biting is mainly a result of stress or fright. Consistently calm and gentle handling, along with a little bribery (offer them a favorite food while handling) will generally overcome any timidness or nipping tendencies. Also, a hamster that is under stress due to an improper environment, being disturbed too often or during the day, excess noise, etc. may be more prone to nipping. Work on taming and handling only after the hamster has emerged from his or her nest on his own – waking up a hamster is a fairly sure way to make him/her grumpy!

Taming
Taming requires time and patience. At first, allow you hamster time to become accustomed to his new environment. Once the hamster seems calm, start spending more time around his/her cage and quietly talk to the hamster to get it used to your voice. As the hamster becomes comfortable with your presence, start offering some favorite tidbits (perhaps sunflower seeds, or bits of raisin or other dried fruits) by hand, and once the hamster is happily taking treats from your fingers you can start to try to pick up your hamster. Let the hamster walk onto your hand, then start trying to gently scoop the hamster into your hands. The time for this progression varies, especially depending on the age of the hamster. Your hamster may quickly accept being picked up, or it may take a month or more.

How to Pick Up a Hamster
The best way to pick up a hamster is cupped in the palm of your hand with the other hand over its back to prevent it jumping off your hand (and possibly getting injured). Especially at first, it is best to hold your hamster just above your lap or some other soft surface in case it falls or jumps. Let the hamster crawl from hand to hand and it should gradually become more comfortable with handling.

Picking Up a Hamster That Isn’t Tame
If you need to pick up an hamster that isn’t yet tame place a can or cup on its side in front of the hamster, and gently herd the hamster into the cup , which can be used to carry the hamster. Out of curiosity many hamsters will walk right into the cup. If necessary, gloves can be worn to protect the hands if you must pick up a hamster that bites, but extra care must be taken not to be too rough or your hamster is just likely to be stressed by the experience and resist handling even more.

Hamster Proofing
If you are going to allow your hamster time outside the cage, hamster proof the room. First, make sure there is nothing your hamster can get into that you won’t be able to get him out of – such as the underside of the couch, or very narrow space between furniture. The hamster should be confined to a fairly small space with no opportunity to escape, or you may have a very hard time finding and capturing him or her. Make sure all electrical cords are out of reach, and that there is nothing else that could harm the hamster including poisonous plants. At the same time, make sure anything you do not want chewed is also out of reach.

The Great Escape
Occasionally, a hamster will escape. For hints on finding escapees see How to Find an Escaped Pet.” Another method is to set a “trap” – get a fairly deep bucket, put lots of bedding in the bottom and then put in some favorite treats or food. Then, make a ramp to the bucket’s edge with a piece of wood, which will allow the hamster to climb up and likely fall into the bucket, but the hamster is unable to climb up the smooth sides of the bucket to get back out. The layer of bedding in the bucket has to be generous to allow a soft landing, though. Remember, it is a good idea to make sure the cage is readily accessible and kept stocked with food and water while the hamster is out – the hamster can visit the cage to stay nourished that way (and if he/she does so it will likely be at night, so keep an eye on the cage then). [Ech]

Hamster banyak macamnya. Ada yang tidak bisa besar ada yang bisa besar (tapi aku tidak hafal jenisnya). Hamster ini tidak butuh minum. Cukup kasih wortel saja (mengandung air ya), terus ama makanan hamster. Perlu serbuk kayu sebagai penghangatnya. Selain itu sediakan tempat mandinya. Mandinya pakai pasir  yang halus sekali. Biasanya di pet shop nanti akan dikasih tahu butuhnya apa saja. Berapa hari sekali harus ganti serbuk kayu dan lain sebagainya [Q]

Ooo jadinya dia tetap mandi ya, tapi benar tidak pakai air, tapi kenapa ya hamster itu mudah mati…? [MP]

Iya, dulu waktu baru-baru piara hamster aku mandikan tiap wiken, terus aku hair dryer, aku sisir, awalnya baik-baik saja. Suatu hari, aku memandikannya kelamaan, salah satu hamsterku langsung mati, sejak itu tidak pernah dimandikan, takut mati lagi. :D [Dew]

Hm…agak mirip kelinci ya, tidak usah disediakan minum, kebutuhan airnya didapat dari sayur-sayuran yang dimakan. Terima kasih ya Q. Aku masih tunggu sharing dari yang  lain ya moms…[Stl]

Hiks.. hiks… hamsterku hilang… ceritanya mama mertua kasih makan hamster, masukkan wortel dikandangnya terus lupa menutup pintunya. Hamsterku 2 ekor pada kabur. Sering kabur begitu, soalnya anakku kalau habis main sama si hamster suka lupa menutup pintunya. Tapi kali ini benar-benar hilang, lenyap. Besoknya hamsterku yang satu balik lagi. Puji Tuhan sampai dipeluk-peluk dan dicium-cium sama anakku karena senang hamsternya pulang. Padahal sudah rencana mau beli hamster lagi. Sayangnya yang satunya lagi, yang lebih lama aku pelihara -/+ 7  bulan, tidak balik… tidak tahu nasibnya bagaimana. Rencananya besok mau beli 1 lagi, kasihan yang sekarang tidak ada temannya. Tapi katanya hamster itu binatang yang mudah sekali beranak moms, jadi hati-hati kalau beli sepasang, pasti akan beranak pinak. Kalau mau mengembangbiakan ya..tidak apa-apa, lucu juga kali ya [Dew]

Comments

  1. rizky says:

    kalo hamster selain wortel makanan nya apa?

  2. Yanto says:

    selain wortel hamster sangat suka makan sawi putih.

  3. Raissya says:

    hamster harus d faksin ga????
    trus klo lg flu hrs d apain???

  4. yulianti says:

    kalau induk hamster makan anak2nya itu kenapa ya?

  5. angga says:

    makanan apa yg bisa membuat hamster cepat mempunyai anak?

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